A patent gives an inventor exclusive rights to use their invention for a limited time. These rights will prevent other parties from copying or selling the invention without the permission of the inventor. 

  • Patents can be obtained for products or processes.
  • Usually 20 years
  • Patents protect the features and processes that make things work. Protect how things work, how it is made and what from. 
  • Let inventors profit from their inventions.
  • Can sell the rights of the patent. 
  • Patents should have an inventive step, not obvious or simple adaptation or combination of existing products.  

Types of Patent:

  1. Utility patents (20 yrs) – new and useful process, machine, manufacture of composition of matter
  2. Design patents – for novel design in an article of manufacture. (14 yrs)
  3. Plant patents


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